Vertigo: What Causes It and Ways to Relieve It

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February 10, 2021

Vertigo: What Causes It and Ways to Relieve It

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Do you ever feel as though the world is spinning even though you are standing still? You may suffer from vertigo, a condition whose symptoms range from dizziness to nausea. It can take hours or days to get through an episode. Luckily, you can find treatment for the condition. 

Do you ever feel as though the world is spinning even though you are standing still? You may suffer from vertigo, a condition whose symptoms range from dizziness to nausea. It can take hours or days to get through an episode. Luckily, you can find treatment for the condition. 

What Is Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo?

Often referred to as BPPV, benign paroxysmal positional vertigo causes dizziness that grows worse when you change the position of your head by getting out of bed, standing up after sitting on the couch or looking down suddenly. The symptoms of vertigo may include: 

  • A sense that everything around you is moving.
  • Unsteadiness or imbalance. 
  • Vomiting and nausea. 

Symptoms usually only last a short time, and they can stay away for quite a while before recurring. While a head position change can spark the symptoms, you may also feel uncomfortable when walking or standing. 

Abnormal rhythmic eye movements may also occur. BPPV is most common among people over 50, and it happens more with women than men. Though you may feel uncomfortable during BPPV, most cases do not have any serious complications. You do need to be careful of falling. 

Be sure to seek emergency treatment if you get a fever, a severe headache, lose your hearing or have trouble walking. These might indicate a more serious issue. 

What Causes Vertigo? 

The cause of vertigo isn't well understood. The condition often happens after you've been hit in the head, but it can also occur because of other reasons. Spending a long time on your back, for example, or in a dentist's chair can lead to vertigo. Disorders that hurt the inner ear can also cause vertigo. 

Your ear contains crystals in the otolith organs, which oversee the movements of your head. If the crystals become dislodged, they may push into the semicircular canals. The movement can make you feel symptoms of BPPV. You feel more sensitive to movements of the head, which you wouldn't usually experience. 

How Can You Get Rid of Vertigo?

The condition usually goes away on its own, but if it doesn't, your doctor may prescribe several vertigo treatments. One option is canalith repositioning. This is when a physician moves the crystals from the semicircular canals to the vestibule where the otolith organs are. It's easier for the particles to be reabsorbed with these movements. It takes a few treatments for this to work, and your doctor can show you how to do this at home.

If repositioning doesn't work, your doctor may suggest surgery. They can insert a bone plug to stop the particles from moving through the ear canal. 

Another potential treatment for vertigo is diphenhydramine, also known as Benadryl. The antihistamine, usually used to treat allergies, can help calm brain structures related to balance and offers many of the same benefits as Dramamine, or dimenhydrinate.

Relieve the Symptoms of Vertigo With an Anti-Nausea IV 

You can relieve the symptoms of vertigo by ordering an anti-nausea IV from AZ IV Medics. Our IVs restore your balance of vitamins, minerals and electrolytes, helping you feel better during a bout of vertigo. We come to you, so you don't have to worry about driving when you're not feeling your best. Book an appointment online today, and our team can be at your house within an hour. 

Last Reviewed by Matt Heistan on February 18, 2021.

Matt Heistan
Matt Heistan
Matt is the CEO of AZ IV Medics. Matt has over 15 years of experience in the emergency medicine field. Matt attended Westwood High School, Scottsdale Community College, and the University of Maryland where he received a BS in Psychology. Matt is a 10-year USAF veteran and has been an EMT since 1999. After separating from the USAF, Matt was hired by the Peoria AZ Fire Dept. where he has worked as a Firefighter Paramedic for the last 10 years. Matt is a life-long athlete, from college football to powerlifting, to Crossfit, to Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu.

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